Pubs! Pubs! Pubs! Print

Publications that is!  TGI is proud to be continuing its commitment to knowledge creation and information sharing with three new publications in 2014. These publications were developed by TGI’s community-based participatory research team and reflect our work in the classroom and in the community.  Descriptions for each publication are below.  If you are interested in learning more about these publications or would like a copy, please contact Elizabeth Marlow at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Nurses, Formerly Incarcerated Adults, and Gadamer: Phronesis and the Socratic Dialectic, published in Nursing Philosophy (2014)

This paper describes the first phase of an on-going education and research project guided by three main intentions: 1) to create opportunities for phronesis in the classroom; 2) to develop new understandings about phronesis as it relates to nursing care generally and to caring for specific groups, like formerly incarcerated adults; and 3) to provide an opportunity for formerly incarcerated adults and graduate nursing students to participate in a dialectical conversation about ethical knowing. Gadamer’s writings on practical philosophy, phronesis, and the Socratic dialectic provide the philosophical foundation and framework for the project.  The first phase in the project was a four-hour class within a graduate-level health promotion course during which 30 nursing students and 3 formerly incarcerated panelists engaged in a dialectic conversation about what it means to care for formerly incarcerated adults in a meaningful way. After the class, two focus groups were conducted, one with the students and one with the formerly incarcerated panelists.  Findings articulated participants’ prejudices and assumptions prior to the class, expanded sense of phronesis, and ability to consider nursing practice within a larger ethical framework.  Panelists and students left the class with a deeper understanding of one another and expressed an openness towards continued dialectic conversations together. Use of the Socratic dialectic within nursing curricula reflects a current and critical trend in nursing education to bring non-epistemologic forms of knowledge into the classroom.

Peer Mentoring for Male Parolees: A CBPR Pilot Study, accepted for publication in Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action (2015)

Background: Formerly incarcerated adults are impoverished, have high rates of substance use disorders, and long histories of imprisonment. This paper describes the development of a peer mentoring program for formerly incarcerated adults and the pilot study designed to evaluate it. The research team, which included formerly incarcerated adults and academic researchers, developed the peer-mentoring program to support formerly incarcerated adults’ transition to the community after prison.  Objectives: The purpose of the pilot evaluation study was to: 1) assess the feasibility of implementing a peer-based intervention for recently-released men developed using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach; 2) establish preliminary data on the program’s impact on coping, self-esteem, abstinence self-efficacy, social support, and participation in 12-step meetings; and 3) establish a CBPR team of formerly incarcerated adults and academic researchers to develop, implement, and test interventions for this population. Method: This pilot evaluation study employed a mixed-methods approach with a single group pre/post test design with 20 men on parole released from prison within the last 30 days. Results: Quantitative findings showed significant improvement on two Abstinence Self-Efficacy subscales, Negative Affect and Habitual Craving. Qualitative findings revealed the relevance and acceptance of peer mentoring for this population. Conclusions: This study demonstrated the feasibility and import of involving formerly incarcerated adults in the design, implementation, and testing of interventions intended to support their reintegration efforts.

“But, now, you're trying to have a life”: Family Members’ Experience of Reentry and Reintegration, accepted for publication in And Justice for All: Families and the Criminal Justice System (in press)

The purpose of this qualitative study was to: 1) understand the experience of reentry and reintegration after a prison term from the perspective of formerly incarcerated adults’ family members; 2) identify the practices and processes that occur within the family when an adult returns home from prison; and 3) articulate the impact of the family on an individual’s reintegration efforts. Six pairs of one paroled adult and one family member were interviewed, a total of 12 participants. Family members were identified and chosen by the paroled adult and did not have to be blood relations. Participants took part in three interviews. The pairs were first interviewed together and then individually. A total of 16 interviews were completed. Data was analyzed using hermeneutic phenomenology. Findings revealed that family members often took up the role of coach providing their loved ones with valuable life skills, critical analyses of detrimental attitudes, actions, and behaviors, and salient guidance in negotiating obstacles that might have derailed reentry and reintegration efforts. Family members also supported their loved ones’ evolution from rigid and ineffective roles within the family to ones that were sustainable and supportive of their long-term reintegration. Finally, family members worried about their loved ones before, during, and after their incarceration. This study demonstrated the vital role family members play in promoting the successful reentry and reintegration of formerly incarcerated adults.